What is a Canyon?


What is Canyon?

The deep and calmly beautiful valleys formed by rivers on the earth are called Canyons. The name Kanyon (canyon), which is derived from our language Turkish and Frankish languages, comes from the word cañón, which is said to have a Spanish origin, which is like the famous camera brand we know. It is formed by the erosion of flowing water as it passes through limestone rocks. A canyon is formed when streams with very high fluid power create deep valleys and crevices with the deformations they create in non-calcareous areas. The edges of canyon areas create very sharp gaps. They form various shapes depending on the physical structure and durability of the rocks and the resistance of their edges to abrasion.

The structures of the canyon walls consist of hard rocks resistant to erosion and abrasion. Formations such as granite or sandstone are generally seen. Since air currents that have a high and accelerating effect on the formation of canyons are more effective and stronger than in wetlands, this type of canyon formation is more common in dry regions.


Canyons are very deep valleys formed on karstic calcareous lands. It is also known that the name "Kapiz" is given to the valleys locally in Turkey. Canyons formed at sea floor level are also called underwater canyons. These structures, which have the same characteristics as the canyons formed in terrestrial regions and generally occur or form in river mouths, are formed by the power and influence of underwater currents. The best known and largest example of natural canyons in the world is the Antelope Canyon in America and the Grand Canyon in Arizona.

Here are the 20 most famous canyons in the world:

1. Grand Canyon, USA - The magnificent canyon created by the Colorado River.

2. Fish River Canyon, Namibia - The largest canyon in Africa.

3. Verdon Canyon, France - Deep and narrow canyon in the Alps.

4. Colca Canyon, Peru - The canyon formed by the river in the Andes Mountains.

5. Tara Canyon, Montenegro - The deepest canyon in Europe.

6. Colorado Canyon, India - India's largest canyon.

7. Blyde River Canyon, South Africa - Scenic canyon located on the Panorama Route.

8. Kings Canyon, Austria - Impressive canyon located in the High Mountains.

9. Waimea Canyon, USA - Enormous canyon located on the Big Island of Hawaii.

10. Viktoria Canyon, Zambia - sharp canyon of the Zambezi River.

11. Antelope Canyon, USA - Famous sandstone canyon in Arizona.

12. Tiger Leaping Canyon, China - deep canyon of the Yangtze River.

13. Taroko Canyon, Taiwan - Natural beauty located in Taroko National Park.

14. Colca Canyon, Peru - The world's second deepest canyon in terms of height, located in the Andes Mountains.

15. Serranía de la Macarena, Colombia - Unique canyon formed by several rivers.

16. Sumidero Canyon, Mexico - Canyon carved by the Grijalva River.

17. Cotahuasi Canyon, Peru - It has the title of the deepest canyon in the world.

18. Kings Canyon, Australia - Grand canyon in the Red Center.

19. Colca Canyon, Peru - Colorful canyon in the Andes Mountains.

20. Katherine Canyon, Australia - The lush canyon formed by the Katherine River.

These canyons are famous throughout the world for their natural beauty and impressive views. While each is located in different geographical regions, they offer unique experiences to visitors.

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